The Public Policy Institute



The Ten Largest States: How Does New York Stack Up?

The economy

1. Private-sector job growth, 1998

2. Private-sector job growth, 1991-94

3. Private-sector job growth, 1995-1998

4. Change in manufacturing employment, 1998

5. Change in FIRE-sector employment, 1998

6. Population change, 1997-98

7. Net migration among states, 1990-98

8. Fortune 500 headquarters per million residents, 1998

9. New business incorporations per business failure, 1996

10. Percentage of nonfarm workers in the FIRE sector, 1998

11. Assets of commercial banks, 1998

12. Patents issued per 100,000 residents, 1996

13. Median family income, 1996

14. Residential building permits per 1,000 residents, 1997

Taxes and spending

15. State and local taxes per capita, 1996

16. State and local taxes per $1,000 income, 1996

17. State-only taxes per capita, 1997

18. Change in state-only taxes per capita, 1995-97

19. State personal income taxes per capita, 1997

20. State corporate income taxes per capita, 1997

21. State and local taxes on gasoline, 1998

22. Local taxes per capita, 1996

23. Property taxes per capita, 1996

24. State and local spending per capita, 1996

25. State and local government jobs per 10,000 residents, 1997

26. Average annual pay, state/local employees, 1997

27. State and local debt per capita, 1996

28. Federal taxes per capita, 1996

29. State and local government spending on hospitals, 1996

The cost of creating jobs

30. Relative cost of doing business, 1997

31. Average industrial user cost for electricity, 1995-96

32. Average commercial user cost for electricity, 1995-96

33. Average natural gas cost for industrial users, 1995

34. Utility sales taxes per capita, 1996

35. Average duration of UI benefits, 1997

36. Workers' compensation comparative costs, 1998

37. "Tort tax" per capita, 1996

38. Average premium for personal auto insurance, 1996

Health, education, welfare

39. Percent of persons without health insurance, 1997

40. Increase in percentage of residents uninsured, 1987-97

41. Medicaid spending per capita, 1997

42. State & local welfare spending per capita, 1996

43. Per-student spending in public schools, 1998

44. Increase in state funding for K-12, 1998

45. Pupil-teacher ratio in public schools, 1996

46. Change in average teacher salary, 1987-96

47. Average reading scores for 4th -graders, 1998

48. Education Week grade for school standards, 1998